Birdsfoot Trefoil

Planting Rate 5 LBS per Acre
Plant Height 6 Inches
Seed Count 349000 Seeds per LB
Botanical Name Lotus corniculatus
Life Cycle Perennial
Environment Full Sun - Partial Sun
Preferred Sites Disturbed
Bloom Period May-Septemebr
Flower Color Yellow
Pollinator Value Good
Grazing Value Good


Birdsfoot Trefoil


Birdsfoot Trefoil is an introduced, moderately long-lived herbaceous perennial legume found in much of the United States. This low growing legume will adapt to varying soil types and is a medium nitrogen fixer.


  • Has a well developed, branching, tap-like root with side roots near the soil surface
  • Most cultivars are erect and grow to a height of 6-8 inches
  • When ripe, the brown seed pods extend outward from the stalk and look like a bird’s foot
  • Used along roadsides to control wind and water erosion
  • Choice food for Canada good, deer, and elk
  • As ground cover, it provides green cover most of the year and blooms profusely
  • It is used for pheasant cover on shooting preserves and around ponds at duck clubs.
  • Used for green chop, hay and pasture
  • It is seeded in combination with grass and grazed as a non-bloating legume
  • As a dryland pasture legume, it produces 20% more growth after July 1 than most dry land grass legume mixtures


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