Alfalfa Seed, VNS
|Planting Rate||12 to 18 LBS per Acre|
|Plant Height||3 FT|
|Seed Count||200,000 Seeds per LB|
|Botanical Name||Medicago sativa|
|Preferred Sites||Mesic Soils|
Alfalfa (Common, VNS) is well-adapted to deep, well-drained, loamy soils with a high moisture holding capacity. Avoid deep, sandy soils or soils with poor internal drainage. A properly prepared seedbed is firm, moist, fine and granular, but not powdery. A fine granular soil is ideal for proper seed coverage. A powdery seedbed is apt to form a hard crust after a rain. This condition is detrimental to germinating seedlings, because they often cannot exert enough force to break through the hard crust. Late summer to early fall seedings are preferable in the Southwest. The only notable exception is in the mountains of the upper southwest where spring seeding may be preferable. When alfalfa is seeded in pure stands, most agronomists agree that 220-275 plants per sq. m (20-25 plants per sq. ft.) are needed for maximum yields during the first harvest year.