Wild Bergamont (Prairie/Beebalm)

CHARACTERISTICS
Plant Height 3-4 Ft.
Seed Count 1,200,000 Seeds per LB
Botanical Name Monarda fistulosa
Life Cycle Perennial
Environment Full Sun
Preferred Sites Upland/Grassland
Bloom Period June-September
Flower Color Purple
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Description

This aromatic herbaceous perennial grows 1-3 foot tall and has branched, hairy stems and spreads by seeds and rhizomes. Wild bergamot has square stems with gray-green foliage. The plants purple flowers are in bloom from June to September.

USES: Wild bergamot is used in flower arrangements. Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds use the plant for nectar. It has been utilized as a tea for cold treatments and an ointment for minor wounds.

DISTRIBUTION: This plant is found in upland woods, thickets, and prairies from Quebec to Manitoba and British Columbia south to George, Lousiana, and Arizona.

ESTABLISHMENT: Seeds can be drilled or broadcast on a weed-free surface from January to mid-May in sunny locations. Once the seeds germinate seedlings should be watered during extended dry period. During the first summer of full growth use mowing to keep the plants around 8 inches tall.

MANAGEMENT: Since the plant spreads by rhizomes, it can get aggressive.

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