Ironweed

CHARACTERISTICS
Botanical Name Vernonia fasciculata
Life Cycle Perennial
Environment Full Sun
Preferred Sites Upland/Grassland
Bloom Period July-October
Flower Color Purple
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Description

Ironweed, a 2-4 foot tall perennial, is named for its strong stem that rarely bends, even in high winds. Commonly seen distributed across the central United States in its grassland and moist soil habitat. It prefers to grow in full sun and moist soils but will tolerate some shade and medium soils. The deep purple flowers are frequented by many types of bees and butterflies when in bloom from July-October. Cattle will not eat ironweed due to its bitter taste, therefore it will increase in population within overgrazed pastures.

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